Resistance Grade and Security Level Quality Characteristics for Protection against Burglary.

ESSA is active in the field of safe cabinets, safes, ATM safes, ATM bases, strongrooms (doors and walls) and deposit systems using the European Standards EN 1143-1, EN 1143-2 and EN 14450 as a basis.

Type tests on safes comprise e.g.

  • attacks for partial and complete access
  • anchoring tests
  • additional tests with core drills, explosives and gas
On safes according to EN 1143-1, attacks for partial and complete access are carried out. For complete access, the required minimum resistance value is approx. 50 per cent higher since, in this case, the criminal gains access to the total contents of the safe. With partial access, he has only access to the valuables which he can reach with his hands through the walls. An exception to this rule are safes of resistance grade 0. 

Safes with a weight of  <1,000 kg need to be anchored at the place of installation. They are subjected to an anchoring test. On safes of specific resistance grades, in addition an optional test with the core drill (CD), with explosives (EX) and gas (GAS) can be made. 

The requirements for S1 and S2 secure safe cabinets to EN 14450 are lower than for resistance grade  0 to EN 1143-1. Freestanding secure safe cabinets must pass an anchoring test. The aim of tests made on wall cabinets is to remove the total product. For both cabinet types, tests are required for access to the interior of the cabinet through the door and the cabinet body (for wall cabinets through that part of the cabinet body that is not surrounded by the wall).